What would earth look like if water were to dry up and disappear? Imagine how this would impact not only our oceans, rivers, lakes, and streams – but even the atmosphere and clouds. All flora and fauna would dry out, die, and turn into sand and dust. We tried to simulate what this might look like. To do this, we used NASA satellite map of earth with topological data. We also simulated the colors we might expect if all vegetation and creatures were to die and also if all glaciers were to disappear. Due to limited data available, the displacement scale may be somewhat exaggerated for illustrative purposes, but the topology is relatively scaled. Continue reading
First, we’ll show you the general principles behind the clutch and gear stick without getting too deep into technical details. Then let’s jump into my Mercedes and practice driving stick shift.
PART 1: PRINCIPLES BEHIND THE CLUTCH AND GEAR STICK
THE ROLE OF THE CLUTCH
* Here’s the ENGINE. Its job is to produce power.
* Here’s the TRANSMISSION. Think of it as a powerful set of gears. Its job is to change the gears so that the car can efficiently use the engine power and increase your car speed.
Now imagine trying to change the blades of a saw. You wouldn’t do it while the saw is running, right? It’s similar for a car. In a running car, the engine spins all the time. How can we slow down the gears and change the gears – without turning off the engine?
Quick answer is that the engine and transmission need to be temporarily disconnected.
That’s what the clutch system is for. The clutch allows us to change gears without stopping the engine – because it temporarily disconnects the 2 systems.
In an automatic car, this process is taken care of for you. But in a manual car, you have to manually disconnect the engine and transmission. That’s why we have this third pedal, which is the CLUTCH PEDAL, here on your left.
Also in a manual car, you have to manually shift gears to change speed or drive in reverse. That’s why we have the GEAR STICK. It’s connected to the transmission.
THE GEAR STICK
Here’s our gear stick. The gears are numbered, and it’s easy to understand where to move the stick to shift gears. Just follow the lines.
* NEUTRAL is when the gear stick is in the middle. You’re in Neutral when you can freely move the stick from left to right.
* Here’s REVERSE. Most cars require an extra safety measure to shift to Reverse. You’ll need to refer to your vehicle owner’s manual for the specifics for your car.
* These numbered gears are for different speeds when you’re driving forward. 1ST GEAR is for low speeds, like when you’re pulling out of a garage or parking lot. The higher the number, the higher the speed. Continue reading
How does the clutch work in a manual transmission car? Let see how.
Here’s the INPUT SHAFT. It’s the arm that connects the engine and the gearbox.
Here’s the CLUTCH SYSTEM. Let’s look inside.
• This is the FLYWHEEL. It’s connected to the engine and spins continuously.
• This is the FRICTION DISC. It always holds onto the flywheel and spins with it. Since the disc and input shaft are connected, the input shaft always spins too.
• This is the CLUTCH COVER. It’s attached to the flywheel and spins with it as well. Underneath it are the DIAPHRAGM SPING and PRESSURE PLATE. Continue reading
You’ll never miss home as much – until you get to Mars.
PRIME REAL ESTATE
Earth is prime real estate. Here’s just a few of countless reasons why:
1. LOCATION. Earth lies about 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from the sun. Its distance and position is ideal because it orbits within a limited habitable zone that neither freezes nor burns.
2. ROTATION. Earth’s rotation is perfect. If the rotation were slower, the days would be longer than 24 hours. The dark side of the earth would freeze while the side facing the sun would bake. If the earth rotated faster, our days would be shorter and the rapid spin would cause forceful winds.
3. WATER. Earth is the only planet where water is present in all 3 states: gas, liquid, and solid.
4. ATMOSPHERE. Earth’s atmosphere is multi-functional. It allows us to breathe. It helps shield us from cosmic radiation – yet does not block heat and light, which are essential to life. The atmosphere also helps distribute heat during the day and retain heat at night. It also protects us from space debris, which burn up in the atmosphere.
How wonderful and marvelous our home is. Truly, there is no place like home.
DID YOU KNOW?
The space shuttle Columbia‘s first mission was in 1981. On its return to Earth, when it touched down, Houston capsule communicator said, “Welcome home, Columbia. Beautiful, beautiful.” Columbia served for 22 years, completing 27 missions. Sadly, in 2003, on its 28th mission, it disintegrated during re-entry, resulting in the deaths of its 7 crew members.
Copyright © 2019 Jimi Moso. All rights reserved.
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HOW TO CHANGE A TIRE
Disclaimer: The following are general principles. Always refer to your car owner’s manual for specific instruction on locating your jacking point and changing a flat tire. Also, it’s good to regularly check the air pressure in your spare tire whenever you do an oil change because you never know when you’ll get a flat tire. Lastly, make sure to respect the speed limit written on your spare tire because a spare tire isn’t like a standard tire.
What if you blow a tire at a place where even AAA won’t come? Follow these steps to safely and easily change a flat tire.
PULL OVER & SETUP
When you get a flat tire:
* Turn on your hazard lights.
* Pull over and park at a safe place with a level ground.
* Engage your parking brake. (Or if you have manual transmission, leave it on 1st gear.)
* Put a heavy object, like a large rock or brick, in front and behind the wheel diagonally across the flat tire. This will help prevent the car from slipping.
Now we’ll need 3 basic supplies. Most trunks carry a spare tire, jack, and lug wrench.
* Feel underneath the car, near the wheel with the flat. Usually there is a jacking point on the flat lip that runs along the side of your car. We’ll need to position the jack at the jacking point.
* Turn the jack clockwise so that it expands upward and touches the bottom frame of your car. But don’t lift the car yet … Because first we need to loosen the lug nuts while the car is still on the ground. We don’t want the car to fall from the jack, which can happen when you use force to unloosen the lug nuts.
1. PARTIALLY LOOSEN THE LUG NUTS
* The lug nuts might be visible or concealed behind a hub cab.
* Use the lug wrench to loosen the lug nuts partially. Do not remove them completely. Continue reading
Banks use security features to deter fraud. The features vary with each bank. But here are examples of some of the commonly used features:
• You can usually find the padlock icon on the front and back. This signifies that the security features comply with industry standards.
• The letters MP indicate that the check contains Microprint. Where do you think the microprint is? The signature line is a common microprint line. It looks like a line, but when you magnify it, you’ll see it’s actually made up of superfine letters. This makes counterfeiting harder because microprint is practically impossible to reprint. In fact, if you were to try photocopy it, the line would just appear as small dots, not letters.
• You probably noticed this line has different symbols and a particular font. This is Magnetic Ink Character Recognition Line (MICR Line). Special readers can read magnetic ink, even if the line was covered by a signature or other markings.
Do you see these special symbols? These symbols are separators that tell the reader what each set of digits is. For example, this is the “Transit” symbol. This symbol always surrounds the bank’s routing number. The second symbol identifies your checking account number. The third set of numbers corresponds with your check number.
• Many checks are printed on chemically-sensitive paper. The paper reacts to chemical changes and produces a stain or spot.
• Many banks use a unique background pattern. If someone tries to photocopy a check, the colors in the copied version will appear distorted.
• Let’s examine the back of the check. The check should have the words “Original Document” on the back. Some banks use a security weave pattern that is made up of the words “Original Document”.
• The security features are always listed on the back of every check. Some checks come with higher security features. Continue reading
In this digital age, less people are writing checks. Yet it is still needed at times. In this video, we’ll show you how to fill out a personal bank check.
1. First, write the date. You can write the current date. Or if you don’t want them to cash the check until a later date, then you can post-date it. The date format should be month, day, and then year.
2. Write the full name of the payee or recipient. This can be an individual’s first name and then last name, or it can be the name of an organization.
3. In the box, write numerically the amount you want to give. Don’t forget to write a comma for amounts over a thousand – and write a period between the dollars and the cents. This amount should not be more than the funds you have in your checking account. Otherwise when the recipient tries to deposit your check, the bank will not cash or deposit the check. And your bank may charge you a fee for insufficient funds. But you might wonder how you can prevent the recipient from adding an extra digit here …
4. Well on this line, we correctly spell out in words the amount that matches the numbers in the box. For any cents, write them as a fraction over one hundred. Then draw a horizontal line all the way across to the end. This prevents sneaky people from adding to the amount that you wrote.
5. The ‘memo’ line is optional. It’s usually helpful to write a note to remind you later what this check was for. (Man, I need to tell the kids to take shorter baths.)
6. Lastly, sign the check. A check is considered a legal document. Your signature authorizes the bank to pull these funds from your bank account. In fact, without a signature, a bank will not allow the recipient to deposit the check. Continue reading
HOW TO JUMPSTART A CAR
Disclaimer: Follow your car owner’s manual and the jumper cable manual for full instructions specific for your car. If either vehicle has an electronic ignition system or is an alternatively fueled vehicle, the use of jumper cables may damage it.
To jumpstart your car, you need a working car. Align the working car to allow the jumper cables to reach from one battery to another. Gently open the hoods of both cars.
Many people get nervous about jumpstarting their car. How and where do you connect the cables, without this happening? Let’s use this illustration to understand the principle.
The important thing is to do these 3 steps in order. Let’s try to memorize it. This is the only thing you need to learn from this video.
Turn off both cars. Put on the parking brakes. Continue reading
EASY WAY to do a 3-POINT TURN 
[Disclaimer 1: Safety is the #1 priority. You can do more than 3 points if needed and if it’s legal and safe. You’re never obligated to do a 3-point turn.]
Have you ever attempted a 3-point turn – but it ended up being more like a 5-point turn? Whether you’re new or experienced, here are 3 easy reference points to help you do 3-point turns much smoother than you might be doing now. Ok, let’s go!
* First, turn on your right-turn signal.
* Slow down and pull as close as possible, parallel with the right curb.
POINT 1: CENTER OF DASHBOARD
* Align the right curb with the center of your dashboard. This reference point works for average standard cars.
* Turn on your left-turn signal.
* Check all mirrors and blind spot, to make sure no one is in front, behind, or to your side.
* Pull forward while turning your wheel completely to the LEFT. Your car will start doing a U-turn. Continue reading