HOW TO CHANGE A TIRE
Disclaimer: The following are general principles. Always refer to your car owner’s manual for specific instruction on locating your jacking point and changing a flat tire. Also, it’s good to regularly check the air pressure in your spare tire whenever you do an oil change because you never know when you’ll get a flat tire. Lastly, make sure to respect the speed limit written on your spare tire because a spare tire isn’t like a standard tire.
What if you blow a tire at a place where even AAA won’t come? Follow these steps to safely and easily change a flat tire.
PULL OVER & SETUP
When you get a flat tire:
* Turn on your hazard lights.
* Pull over and park at a safe place with a level ground.
* Engage your parking brake. (Or if you have manual transmission, leave it on 1st gear.)
* Put a heavy object, like a large rock or brick, in front and behind the wheel diagonally across the flat tire. This will help prevent the car from slipping.
Now we’ll need 3 basic supplies. Most trunks carry a spare tire, jack, and lug wrench.
* Feel underneath the car, near the wheel with the flat. Usually there is a jacking point on the flat lip that runs along the side of your car. We’ll need to position the jack at the jacking point.
* Turn the jack clockwise so that it expands upward and touches the bottom frame of your car. But don’t lift the car yet … Because first we need to loosen the lug nuts while the car is still on the ground. We don’t want the car to fall from the jack, which can happen when you use force to unloosen the lug nuts.
1. PARTIALLY LOOSEN THE LUG NUTS
* The lug nuts might be visible or concealed behind a hub cab.
* Use the lug wrench to loosen the lug nuts partially. Do not remove them completely.
2. JACK UP THE CAR
* Turn the jack clockwise to lift up your car. Continue lifting until the tire is at maximum 1.25 inch (3 cm) from the ground.
* Slide the spare tire underneath the car. This will help if the car slips from the jack.
* Remember: It’s always possible for the car to slip off its jack. Never go underneath your car.
3. CHANGE THE TIRE
* Remove the lug nuts completely. This should be easy to do, since we already loosened them earlier.
* Pull out the flat tire. Be careful because it can be heavy. Set the flat tire underneath the car. This will help if the car slips from the jack.
* Mount the spare tire. Make sure the air valve of the spare tire is facing toward you.
* Tighten the lug nuts using your fingers. Do not tighten with the wrench yet, since the car is still raised and using force can cause the car to slip from the jack.
4. LOWER THE CAR
* Slowly turn your jack counterclockwise and lower your car to the ground.
5. COMPLETELY TIGHTEN THE LUG NUTS
* When the car is touching the ground, fully tighten the lug nuts using your wrench. But do it in a star-pattern. Tighten the first nut and then the one opposite it. Continue tightening diagonally across the tire until all lug nuts have been tightened.
Remove the jack and place all supplies back in your trunk – and don’t forget to remove the bricks under the other tire.
Copyright © 2020 Jimi Moso. All rights reserved.
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